Causal effects of built environment characteristics on travel behaviour: a longitudinal approach

  • Paul van de Coevering NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
  • Kees Maat Delft University of Technology
  • Maarten Kroesen Delft University of Technology
  • Bert van Wee Delft University of Technology

Abstract

The influence of the built environment on travel behaviour and the role of intervening variables such as socio-demographics and travel-related attitudes have long been debated in the literature. To date, most empirical studies have applied cross-sectional designs to investigate their bidirectional relationships. However, these designs provide limited evidence for causality. This study represents one of the first attempts to employ a longitudinal design on these relationships. We applied cross lagged panel structural equation models to a two-wave longitudinal dataset to assess the directions and strengths of the relationships between the built environment, travel behaviour and travel-related attitudes. Results show that the residential built environment has a small but significant influence on car use and travel attitudes. In addition, the built environment influenced travel-related attitudes indicating that people tend to adjust their attitudes to their built environment. This provides some support for land use policies that aim to influence travel behaviour.

How to Cite
COEVERING, Paul van de et al. Causal effects of built environment characteristics on travel behaviour: a longitudinal approach. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 4, sep. 2016. ISSN 1567-7141. Available at: <https://journals.library.tudelft.nl/index.php/ejtir/article/view/3165>. Date accessed: 19 feb. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.18757/ejtir.2016.16.4.3165.
Published
2016-09-01