The Influence of Time Windows on the Costs of Urban Freight Distribution Services in City Logistics Applications

  • Francesco Deflorio Politecnico di Torino
  • Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
  • Guido Perboli Politecnico di Torino and CIRRELT
  • Roberto Tadei Politecnico di Torino

Abstract

In freight distribution services a required quality level may have a relevant effect on transportation costs. For this reason an evaluation tool is useful to compare different service settings and support the decision, on the base of quantitative indicators. This paper proposes a method for cost evaluation in this context and presents an application to a case study concerning a freight distribution service, which operates on a wide road network having a city centre, a peripheral urban area and a peri-urban rural zone. A simulation method is proposed to obtain real-life scenarios in order to test the method and its indicators. The performance of each indicator has been evaluated in an experimental context to produce realistic test cases, using a trip planning tool and a demand generator. First, the behaviour of the indicators is analysed with regard to the time windows width planned for the service. Then, their ability in estimating the total transportation cost to satisfy all the requests, under different time period profiles, is shown. The results confirm the ability of the set of indicators to predict with a good approximation the transportation costs and therefore to be used in supporting the service quality planning decisions.

How to Cite
DEFLORIO, Francesco et al. The Influence of Time Windows on the Costs of Urban Freight Distribution Services in City Logistics Applications. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 3, june 2012. ISSN 1567-7141. Available at: <https://journals.library.tudelft.nl/index.php/ejtir/article/view/2965>. Date accessed: 19 may 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.18757/ejtir.2012.12.3.2965.
Published
2012-06-01